Anatomic correction of transposition of the great arteries associated with ventricular septal defect: midterm results in 50 patients.
From May 1977 to August 1982 50 patients who were 1.5 to 44 months old underwent anatomic correction of transposition of the great arteries (TGA) and closure of ventricular septal defect (VSD) at our institution. Thirty-nine patients underwent preliminary pulmonary arterial banding. Hospital mortality was 32%: four patients died as a result of technical problems, seven as a result of associated lesions, three of pulmonary hypertension, and two of left ventricular failure. Three other patients died after the first postoperative month (one of mediastinitis, one at reoperation for a residual VSD, and one of pulmonary hypertension). All 31 survivors are in excellent clinical condition and are in sinus rhythm after a mean follow-up period of 31 +/- 14 months. Twenty-five patients were reinvestigated by echocardiography (M mode and two-dimensional) and/or catheterization. Parameters of left ventricular contractility were within normal limits, but systolic aortic diameter was larger than normal (p less than .01). Seven patients had stenosis of the right ventricular outflow tract and five of these required reoperation. The two persistent problems with the anatomic correction of TGA associated with VSD are a relatively high operative mortality and secondary right outflow tract stenosis. However, use of this procedure results in better left ventricular function and fewer arrhythmias than does use of atrial repair techniques and also results in the use of the anatomically left ventricle as the systemic ventricle.
- Copyright © 1984 by American Heart Association