Echocardiographic evaluation of the response to afterload stress test in young asymptomatic patients with chronic severe aortic regurgitation: sensitivity of the left ventricular end-systolic pressure-volume relationship.
The detection of myocardial depression is an important goal in the management of patients with chronic severe aortic regurgitation but may be quite difficult at an early stage by the conventional basal measures of contractility. The response to afterload stress determined by angiotensin challenge and the end-systolic pressure-volume relationship was evaluated echocardiographically in 16 asymptomatic or mildly symptomatic patients with chronic severe aortic regurgitation, ages 15 to 56 years (mean 32 +/- 12). Nine normal subjects, ages 25 to 41 years (mean 31 +/- 5), served as a control group. In the group with aortic regurgitation, end-systolic dimensions were greater than 55 mm in five of 16 patients and fractional shortening was 25% or less in two of 16. In the control group angiotensin caused a decrease of stroke volume index in six out of nine patients (15% at the most) and a mild increase in three. In the group with aortic regurgitation stroke volume index decreased by 15% or more of the basal value in nine of 16 patients and increased or decreased by less than 15% in seven of 16. Ejection fraction decreased in both groups, from 61 +/- 6% to 52 +/- 7% in the control group and from 56 +/- 6% to 45 +/- 5% in the group with aortic regurgitation. Ventricular function curves were derived by relating end-diastolic volume index to stroke work index; seven of 16 patients had abnormal responses reflecting an afterload mismatch.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
- Copyright © 1984 by American Heart Association