The effect of left ventricular systolic function on maximal aerobic exercise capacity in asymptomatic patients with coronary artery disease.
The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between maximal O2 uptake (VO2max) and left ventricular systolic function in patients with coronary artery disease. We studied 27 patients, age 50 +/- 10 years (mean +/- SD), who were asymptomatic and able to attain true VO2max. VO2max was defined by the leveling-off criterion and/or a respiratory exchange ratio of 1.15 or greater. Left ventricular ejection fraction was determined by gated cardiac blood pool imaging. In patients whose ejection fraction decreased with exercise, VO2max was 21 +/- 4 vs 27 +/- 4 ml/kg/min in those whose ejection fraction increased (p less than .001). Systolic blood pressure/end-systolic volume relation was shifted upward and to the right in the former group in response to peak exercise. In contrast, the pressure-volume relation was shifted upward and to the left in patients whose ejection fraction increased with exercise. Ejection fraction at rest did not correlate with VO2max. There was a significant but weak correlation between peak exercise ejection fraction and VO2max (r = .43, p less than .025). Left ventricular exercise reserve, i.e., the change in ejection fraction from rest to exercise, correlated with VO2max (r = .77, p less than .0002), maximal O2 pulse (r = .50, p less than .005), and maximal heart rate during treadmill exercise (r = .61, p less than .001). Maximal heart rate during treadmill exercise correlated with VO2max (r = .70, p less than .0002).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
- Copyright © 1984 by American Heart Association