The abnormal exercise electrocardiogram in apparently healthy men: a predictor of angina pectoris as an initial coronary event during long-term follow-up.
A group of 916 apparently healthy men between the ages of 27 and 55 years (mean 37) were followed up with serial medical and exercise test evaluations for a period of 8 to 15 years (mean 12.7) to determine (1) the prevalence and specific types of new coronary events observed in subjects with and without abnormal ST segment responses to exercise and (2) the predictive value of a serial conversion to an abnormal ST segment response to exercise for new coronary events. During the initial evaluation there were 23 subjects (2.5%) with an abnormal ST segment response to exercise. During follow-up there were nine (39%) coronary events in this group: eight cases of angina and one of sudden death. With serial testing, an additional 38 subjects (5.1%) experienced conversion to an abnormal ST segment response to exercise. During follow-up there were 12 (32%) coronary events in this group: 10 cases of angina, one of myocardial infarction, and one other. There were 833 subjects with normal ST segment responses to exercise with all tests. In this group there were 44 (5.3%) coronary events: 25 cases of myocardial infarction, seven of sudden death, and 12 of angina. We conclude that in apparently healthy middle-aged men an abnormal ST segment response to exercise is predictive of angina pectoris but not of myocardial infarction or sudden cardiac death as an initial coronary event.
- Copyright © 1984 by American Heart Association