Calcium-channel blockade with nifedipine and angiotensin converting-enzyme inhibition with captopril in the therapy of patients with severe primary hypertension.
Nifedipine (10 mg qid) and captopril (25 mg qid) were tested alone and in combination in 14 patients suffering from severe primary hypertension. Each study period was of 1 week's duration. Circulatory response was evaluated through hourly pressure and pulse rate readings. The fall in pressure after oral nifedipine was maximal within 1 hr or less and was generally accompanied by palpitation and increase in pulse rate; with a six hourly dosing regimen the tendency of blood pressure to recover after each dose was interrupted by the next dose, so that values remained significantly reduced throughout the 24 hr, although pressure fluctuations were evident. Promptness of the antihypertensive action of captopril was similar, but the magnitude and the duration of the fall in pressure were less pronounced. When the converting-enzyme inhibitor was combined with the calcium-channel blocker, pressure fluctuations were not abolished, but the antihypertensive response was definitely enhanced, so that normal blood pressure was maintained for several hours during the day. Additional positive effects of captopril were mitigation of the heart rate reaction and prevention of the ankle pitting or edema elicited by nifedipine. A balance in arteriolar and venular dilatation promoted by captopril is the suggested mechanism for these effects. With the two-drug combination the function of the left ventricle was not reduced and possibly improved; blood urea nitrogen and serum electrolyte and creatinine concentration were not affected. Plasma renin activity increased with captopril and reverted toward baseline with the addition of nifedipine, suggesting an interference of the calcium-channel blocker with the release of renin.
- Copyright © 1984 by American Heart Association