Identification of patients with ventricular tachycardia after myocardial infarction: signal-averaged electrocardiogram, Holter monitoring, and cardiac catheterization.
Electrocardiographic signal averaging techniques have demonstrated a low-amplitude late potential and a long filtered QRS complex in patients with ventricular tachycardia (VT) after myocardial infarction. Complex ventricular ectopy and left ventricular aneurysms have also been associated with VT. The purposes of this study were (1) to determine whether the findings from the signal-averaged electrocardiogram (ECG) were independent of those from Holter monitoring and cardiac catheterization and (2) to determine the combination of findings from the signal-averaged ECG, cardiac catheterization, and Holter monitoring that best characterize patients with VT after myocardial infarction. We studied 174 patients after myocardial infarction, 98 of whom had recurrent sustained VT. By multivariate logistic regression only three parameters were found to be independently significant, listed in order of power: positive signal-averaged ECG (presence of a late potential or a long filtered QRS duration), peak premature ventricular contraction greater than 100/hr, and presence of a left ventricular aneurysm (p less than .001). The signal-averaged ECG provides independent information in identifying patients with VT after myocardial infarction.
- Copyright © 1984 by American Heart Association