The usefulness of x-ray computed tomography for the diagnosis of myocardial infarction.
Conventional and enhanced computed tomographic (CT) examinations were performed in 103 patients with myocardial infarction for evaluation of the diagnostic usefulness of CT. After intravenous bolus injection of contrast material, an initial filling defect and late enhancement of the infarcted myocardium appeared on the cardiac CT images. These two findings were direct evidence of myocardial infarction; the former was found mostly in the patient with recent myocardial infarctions, and the latter was recognized both in those with recent and those with "remote" infarctions. Wall thinning at the site of infarction was found by enhanced CT mostly in patients with anteroseptal or extensive anterior infarctions, and was rarely found in patients with inferoposterior infarctions. Left ventricular aneurysms and ventricular thrombi were found by enhanced CT in 39 and 23 of the 103 subjects, respectively, and the sensitivity of CT in detecting intracardiac thrombi was higher than that of two-dimensional echocardiography. Calcification of the myocardium and pericardial effusion associated with myocardial infarction were also detected by conventional nonenhanced CT. Thus, cardiac CT was found to be a useful test in evaluating patients with myocardial infarction.
- Copyright © 1984 by American Heart Association