Ergonovine-induced myocardial ischemia: no role for serotonergic receptors?
Because ergonovine appears to produce coronary contractions by a serotonergic (5-HT) mechanism, we attempted to prevent ergonovine-induced ischemia in patients with vasospastic angina by pretreatment with ketanserin, a new selective 5-HT blocker. We studied seven patients with consistently positive results of ergonovine testing (ST segment elevation in three and ST segment depression in four). Ergonovine testing was performed before and after a bolus of 10 mg of ketanserin (all patients) and infusion of 2 to 4 mg/hr for 8 hr (six patients). To assess 5-HT blockade during ketanserin infusion, the constrictor response of hand veins to 5-HT was tested before and after ketanserin. Despite evidence of 5-HT blockade in hand veins, ergonovine-induced ischemia was not prevented by ketanserin in any patient, and there was no significant change in the dose of ergonovine required to provoke ischemia. In one patient, four spontaneous episodes of ST segment elevation occurred during infusion of ketanserin. The plasma concentrations of ketanserin at the time of ergonovine testing ranged from 61 to 127 ng/ml (mean 102) and were well above those that completely inhibit canine coronary 5-HT contractions in vitro. Although human coronary arteries may differ in their responsiveness to 5-HT or ketanserin, these data suggest that ischemia from ergonovine-induced coronary vasospasm is not mediated by 5-HT receptors.
- Copyright © 1984 by American Heart Association