Mapping of ventricular tachycardia induced by programmed stimulation in canine preparations of myocardial infarction.
To investigate the mechanism of uniform ventricular tachycardia induced by programmed stimulation, we recorded His bundle electrograms and unipolar electrograms from 64 subepicardial, subendocardial, and intramural sites in dogs. Isochronal maps were generated off-line by computer. Two groups of dogs were studied 3 days after occlusion of their left anterior descending coronary arteries; one group underwent reperfusion after 2 to 2.5 hr of occlusion and the other methylprednisolone treatment before permanent occlusion. In the former, subepicardial sequences presented either a pattern suggesting circus movement or a radial pattern in which excitation at intramural sites could precede earliest subepicardial excitation. In the latter preparations, subepicardial excitation patterns consistently suggested circus movement in the subepicardial muscle layer surviving over necrotic tissue. Assuming complete circus movement, the "missed" time interval, measured as the interval left unaccounted for by actual recording of local excitation between ventricular tachycardia cycles, ranged from 3% to 64% of the cycle length of ventricular tachycardia. While surviving subepicardial and intramural layers appeared to be involved in the mechanism of ventricular tachycardia, a late second breakthrough on the right ventricle, in conjunction with fixed-coupled H deflections on the His bundle electrograms, suggested the involvement of the conducting system in propagation of the impulse.
- Copyright © 1984 by American Heart Association