The Effect of Exercise on Coronary Blood Flow, Myocardial Oxygen Consumption and Cardiac Efficiency in Man
It has been known that exercise causes an increase in the coronary blood flow in animals. The present work has been carried out to study the effect of exercise on coronary blood flow and myocardial oxygen consumption of the human heart in vivo. The results indicate that the heart responds to the increased load of exercise with a rise in coronary blood flow. Since the arteriovenous coronary oxygen difference shows little change, the increase in oxygen consumption of the heart muscle is primarily the result of an increased coronary blood flow. As the cardiac work rises more than the myocardial oxygen consumption, the left ventricular efficiency increases. The response of the failing heart muscle to acute increases in load produced by exercise does not differ from that of the normal heart or of the isolated heart.
- © 1953 American Heart Association, Inc.