Hemorrhage and the products of fibrinogen digestion after intracoronary administration of streptokinase.
Hemorrhage was prospectively identified in 26 of 116 consecutive patients (23%) who were receiving intracoronary streptokinase for occlusive coronary thrombi producing infarction. Bleeding was not influenced by the dose of streptokinase or the method of cardiac catheterization. Before treatment, prothrombin time and partial thromboplastin time were normal in both bleeders and nonbleeders. Fibrinogen levels measured by bioassay after streptokinase (mean +/- SEM) were 62 +/- 29 mg/dl in patients with major bleeding, 111 +/- 26 mg/dl in patients with minor bleeding, and 109 +/- 13 mg/dl in nonbleeders (p = NS). The regression slope b calculated from poststreptokinase fibrinogen time-concentration data in 71 patients was 4.7 mg/dl/hr. However, mean fibrinogen concentrations calculated at sequential 5 hr intervals revealed no net regeneration for the first 20 hr after thrombolysis. The apparent fibrinogen regeneration rate was less than normal (31 mg/kg/day) for more than 10 hr but subsequently increased to 94 +/- 10 mg/kg/day by the second day. The initial apparent latency of fibrinogen regeneration paralleled the sharp rise in fibrinogen degradation products, which began to decline after 20 hr of treatment but remained elevated well into the second day. Because of their anticoagulant effects, these products may interfere with the fibrinogen assay, causing spuriously low results. Thus, whether the early delay in fibrinogen regeneration is real or simply a reflection of the effects of fibrinogen degradation products on the bioassay, it signals the time for caution in initiating systemic heparin therapy.
- Copyright © 1984 by American Heart Association