The value of lesion cross-sectional area determined by quantitative coronary angiography in assessing the physiologic significance of proximal left anterior descending coronary arterial stenoses.
The results of previous work from this laboratory have shown a poor correlation between percent stenosis (determined visually with calipers) and the coronary reactive hyperemic response (an index of maximal coronary vasodilator capacity) determined during cardiac surgery. This study was performed to determine whether other parameters of lesion severity could predict the reactive hyperemic response and thus the hemodynamic significance of coronary stenoses in human beings. Twenty-three patients with lesions in the proximal left anterior descending coronary artery were studied. To account for differences in expected vessel size, patients with large diagonal branches (greater than one-half the diameter of the left anterior descending artery) arising before the lesion were excluded. Computer-assisted quantitative coronary angiography was used to measure percent diameter stenosis, percent area stenosis, and minimal stenosis cross-sectional area. With a pulsed Doppler velocity probe, reactive hyperemic responses were recorded after a 20 sec coronary occlusion of the left anterior descending artery at cardiac surgery before cardiopulmonary bypass and were quantified by the peak/resting velocity ratio (normal greater than 3.5:1). Percent area stenosis ranged from 7% to 54% for vessels with normal reactive hyperemic responses and from 27% to 94% for vessels with abnormal reactive hyperemic responses. With both percent diameter stenosis and percent area stenosis there was substantial overlap between vessels with normal and abnormal reactive hyperemic responses. In contrast, nine of nine vessels with normal reactive hyperemic responses had lesion minimal cross-sectional areas of greater than 3.5 mm2 and 13 of 14 vessels with abnormal reactive hyperemic responses had minimal cross-sectional areas of less than 3.5 mm2.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
- Copyright © 1984 by American Heart Association