The value of catheter mapping during sinus rhythm to localize site of origin of ventricular tachycardia.
We assessed the value of endocardial catheter mapping in 52 patients in sinus rhythm and with 102 morphologically distinct ventricular tachycardias. The local bipolar electrograms from various regions of the left ventricle were assessed and quantitatively classified with respect to the characteristics of amplitude and duration. With the use of this assessment we found that electrograms from the site of origin were of significantly lower amplitude and longer duration; however, because such an overlap occurred with electrograms that were not from sites of origin, this does not serve as a useful clinical marker. Various types of electrograms, including normal, abnormal, fractionated, abnormal late, fractionated late, and longest, were evaluated with respect to sensitivity, specificity, and positive predictive value. None of these types possessed the ability to reliably localize the site of origin of ventricular tachycardia. We therefore conclude that endocardial catheter mapping during sinus rhythm is not useful as a guide in localized surgical therapy of ventricular tachycardia. Surgery guided only by the results of mapping during sinus rhythm would result in a more extensive excision than that directed by maps obtained during ventricular tachycardia and in some cases would result in the exclusion of the area considered to be the site of origin of the tachycardia.
- Copyright © 1984 by American Heart Association