Asynchronous left ventricular diastolic filling in patients with isolated disease of the left anterior descending coronary artery: assessment with radionuclide ventriculography.
To study the relationship between global and regional filling of the left ventricle, we conducted resting gated radionuclide ventriculographic studies in 15 control subjects (group 1) and 22 patients with isolated disease of the left anterior descending coronary artery (group 2). None had had a previous myocardial infarction. A computer program subdivided the image of the left ventricle into four regions. The time-activity and first-derivative curves of the global and regional left ventricles were computed. In the global left ventricle, the normalized peak filling rate (PFR) was decreased (p less than .01) and the ratio of the time to PFR (time interval from global end-systole to PFR) to the diastolic time, TPFR/DT, was greater (p less than .02) in group 2 than in group 1. In the regional left ventricle, in the side perfused by the stenosed vessel (septal and apical), PFR was slightly decreased in the apical (p less than .05), but not the septal region (p = NS); TPFR/DT was greater in the apical (p less than .02) and in the septal region (p less than .01) in group 2. In the normally perfused lateral side, there were no significant differences in PFR or in TPFR/DT between group 1 and group 2. Total delta t/DT, which was defined as the ratio of the sum of the absolute values of the time differences from global PFR to regional PFR (septal, apical, and lateral) to the diastolic time, was significantly greater in group 2 (0.09 +/- 0.05 vs 0.16 +/- 0.05; p less than .001). This indicates the existence of asynchronous diastolic filling in the different regions of the left ventricle in group 2. A negative correlation existed between total delta t/DT and global PFR (r = -.64, p less than .001). Thus, in patients with one-vessel disease, asynchronous diastolic filling occurs due to the filling disturbance in the affected regions, which may cause impairment of the filling of the global left ventricle.
- Copyright © 1984 by American Heart Association