The effect of two different diltiazem treatments on infarct size in ischemic, reperfused porcine hearts.
The effect of diltiazem on the development of infarcts was investigated in porcine hearts. The left anterior descending coronary artery was occluded in each of 32 anesthetized pigs for 75 min and was reperfused for 4 hr. Diltiazem (15 micrograms/kg X min) was infused in 11 pigs for 30 min before occlusion (therapy A) and in another eight pigs before reperfusion (therapy B). Eleven pigs served as controls. Tissue concentrations of adenosine triphosphate (ATP) and nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD) were determined in transmural needle biopsy samples taken from the ischemic apex after 70 min of ischemia. The infarct size, expressed as the ratio of the infarcted tissue over the area at risk of necrosis multiplied by 100, amounted to 79 +/- 20% in the control group. Although there was no significant difference between hemodynamics in the control and the treated groups, pretreatment with diltiazem significantly reduced infarct size (53 +/- 26%; p = .025). Reduction of infarct size by therapy B did not reach the required level of significance (66 +/- 33%). The ischemic loss of ATP and NAD was significantly lower in the pretreated group, which further indicates that the beneficial effect of diltiazem was exerted primarily during ischemia and not during reperfusion.
- Copyright © 1984 by American Heart Association