Coumadin and aspirin in prevention of recurrence after transluminal coronary angioplasty: a randomized study.
To determine the influence of adjunctive treatment with coumadin or aspirin on recurrence rate after percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA), 248 patients in whom PTCA was assessed to be a primary success were randomized to either 325 mm aspirin daily or to coumadin treatment sufficient to maintain a prothrombin time 2 to 2.5 times the control value. The follow-up protocol included stress testing and coronary angiographic examinations 3 to 6 months after PTCA. All patients were followed for at least 9 months. Of the 122 patients randomized to coumadin 44 (36%) had recurrent stenoses as opposed to 34/126 (27%) of patients on aspirin, a difference that did not reach statistical significance at the .05 level. However, patients with at least a 6 month history of angina demonstrated a significantly different response to adjunctive treatment in that 19/43 (44%) of coumadin patients as compared with 10/48 (21%) of aspirin patients had recurrent stenoses (p less than .05). Thus, coumadin was not shown to be more effective than aspirin as adjunctive treatment after PTCA, while aspirin was shown to be superior to coumadin in patients with a longer history of angina.
- Copyright © 1984 by American Heart Association