Myocardial ischemia during ergonovine testing: different susceptibility to coronary vasoconstriction in patients with exertional and variant angina.
Coronary spasm is an accepted cause of transient myocardial ischemia in patients with variant angina; more recently it has been suggested that dynamic stenoses could also play an important role in the pathophysiology of exertional angina. To test this hypothesis we submitted 31 patients with histories typical of exertional angina to ergonovine testing and compared the electrocardiographic and clinical responses to those observed in seven patients with variant angina. All underwent bicycle ergometric exercise testing and coronary angiographic examination. For all tests, ST segment shifts of 0.1 mV or greater were considered to be diagnostic of myocardial ischemia. In patients with exertional angina, exercise testing produced diagnostic ST segment depression in 21 (68%). Ergonovine testing produced diagnostic ST segment depression in nine (29%). All nine had positive exercise test results and two- or three-vessel disease, yet the test was negative in seven other patients with positive exercise test results and similar angiographic findings. Conversely, in the seven patients with variant angina, results of exercise testing were positive in five (ST segment depression in two, ST elevation in three), while ergonovine produced ST segment elevation in all seven. Coronary angiographic examination showed normal arteries in two, one-vessel disease in four, and three-vessel disease in one. Results of all ergonovine tests were positive at values of rate pressure product much lower than those observed during exercise.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
- Copyright © 1984 by American Heart Association