Association between early graft patency and late outcome for patients undergoing artery bypass graft surgery.
For a group of 658 patients who received coronary artery bypass graft surgery, we investigated the correlation between the degree of early (6 months) graft patency and recurrence of anginal symptoms, late myocardial infarction, and postoperative coronary-related death. The patients were grouped according to the number of surgically placed grafts, and each group was further subgrouped on the basis of the number of grafts functioning at the early postsurgical follow-up examination. The patients were observed over a period as long as 13 years. The frequency with which angina returned correlated significantly with the degree of patency within each of the groups (one, two, three, or four grafts); patients with a higher percentage of patent grafts experienced longer periods of freedom from angina. On the average, patients with all of their multiple grafts patent experienced at least 7 more years of symptomatic relief than their counterparts with all grafts occluded. Most surprisingly, the rate of the return of angina for those patients who had all grafts patent and were completely revascularized was independent of the number of diseased vessels or the number of grafts placed. The findings for coronary death and postoperative infarction showed similar trends.
- Copyright © 1984 by American Heart Association