Imaging by nuclear magnetic resonance in patients with chronic ischemic heart disease.
Cardiac anatomy was defined by gated nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) imaging at a magnetic field strength of 3.5 kGauss in eight normal subjects and 10 patients with chronic myocardial infarctions. Multisectional imaging was performed with the spin-echo technique and encompassed most of the left ventricle in an imaging time of 5 to 12 min. In all subjects internal cardiac structure was well delineated without the use of any type of contrast medium. The myocardial wall-blood interface was sharply defined, resulting in visualization of trabeculations, papillary muscle, and chordal structures in both ventricles. In patients with ischemic heart disease, the extent of postinfarctional wall thinning, aneurysms, and mural thrombi were depicted on NMR images. Images obtained with the second spin-echo (delay time = 56 msec) demonstrated high signal intensity in regions of the left ventricular chamber adjacent to the site of aneurysms or infarctions; this finding suggested stasis of blood in a region of akinesis or dyskinesis. The results of this study show that gated NMR is feasible as a technique for imaging the human heart and is capable of demonstrating a variety of left ventricular abnormalities associated with chronic myocardial infarction. NMR is a completely noninvasive technique for clinical imaging of the cardiovascular system.
- Copyright © 1984 by American Heart Association