Echocardiographic measurement of right ventricular volume.
The volume of the right ventricle can be determined angiographically from its projections in two mutually perpendicular planes. Echocardiographic techniques for measuring right ventricular volume, however, have been more difficult and less successful. In this study, a method was developed for calculating right ventricular volume from two intersecting cross-sectional echocardiographic views: the apical four-chamber and subcostal right ventricular outflow tract views. First, the areas and lengths of casts of 12 human right ventricles obtained at autopsy were directly measured in the chosen views. Actual cast volumes correlated best with a formula giving volume as 2/3 times the area in one view times the long axis in the other view. The degree of correlation was similarly high for calculations involving the area derived from either view and the length of the roughly orthogonal section. This relationship for right ventricular volume was then confirmed with two-dimensional echocardiographic images of hollow latex molds made from the casts (r = .95, p less than .0001). The significance of these findings is discussed in relation to angiographic results and models of the right ventricle.
- Copyright © 1984 by American Heart Association