Recordings of basal ventricular preexcitation from electrode catheters in patients with accessory atrioventricular connections.
To determine the effects of ventricular preexcitation via accessory atrioventricular connections (ACs) on the sequence of basal ventricular activation, electrophysiologic study records of 22 patients with AC were reviewed. In each, AC site was confirmed by mapping done at operation. Local ventricular preexcitation (VP), defined as earlier timing of a local ventricular electrogram relative to the surface electrocardiographic QRS onset in preexcited compared with in normal QRS complexes, was assessed at the coronary sinus and at the ventricular septal summit recorded from the His bundle site. Five patients with concealed AC did not have VP. VP patterns with manifest AC were similar during average fusion QRS complexes and maximum ventricular preexcitation. Left free wall and left crux AC produced VP apparent on the ventricular electrogram recorded at the coronary sinus alone. With anteroseptal AC, VP was noted only at the ventricular septal summit. Posteroseptal AC produced VP that was apparent on the ventricular electrogram recorded at the coronary sinus and on the electrogram of the ventricular septal summit. Right free wall AC preexcited neither of these basal ventricular regions. The observation of VP patterns may help in localizing AC and may be particularly useful in patients without retrograde AC function at electrophysiologic study.
- Copyright © 1984 by American Heart Association