New indexes for assessing aortic regurgitation with two-dimensional Doppler echocardiographic measurement of the regurgitant aortic valvular area.
Direct examination of the aortic orifice at the level of the aortic valves (aortic valvular orifice area, AVOA) in the short-axis plane was performed with a 3 MHz two-dimensional pulsed Doppler echocardiographic apparatus. The AVOA was mapped with the Doppler gate to detect or rule out the presence of a regurgitant aortic valvular area (RAVA) established by recording of abnormal diastolic Doppler signals on a "yes or no" basis. A group of 12 normal subjects and 83 patients, including 40 patients with aortic regurgitation proven by aortography, were investigated with this procedure. In the 38 patients with aortic regurgitation diagnosed by Doppler echocardiography (diagnostic sensitivity 95%, specificity 100%), planimetric measurements of the RAVA and AVOA were performed with calculation of two indexes: the RAVA/square meter of body surface area and the RAVA/AVOA ratio. These indexes correlated well with independently performed angiographic grading on a three-point scale (r = .87 for the RAVA, .88 for the RAVA/AVOA; p less than .001), with highest significance of differences in mean values among each grade of severity found for the RAVA/AVOA (p less than .001). In addition, Doppler echocardiography identified the anatomic valvular site of the lesion, and we confirmed the site during surgery.
- Copyright © 1983 by American Heart Association