Tolerance to isosorbide dinitrate: rate of development and reversal.
The circulatory response and plasma concentrations of isosorbide dinitrate (ISDN) were determined in 10 patients with chronic, stable angina after administration of 5 mg of sublingual ISDN during the control stage, after 48 hr of therapy with 15 mg of ISDN orally every 6 hr, and subsequently after a 48 hr period when ISDN was substituted by placebo four times daily. Initially, sublingual ISDN induced major reductions in both supine and standing systolic and diastolic blood pressure, but after 45 hr of therapy with oral ISDN, there was a significantly diminished vasodepressor response in both positions. Subsequently, when placebo was substituted for ISDN, the circulatory response initially seen was restored within 21 hr. Plasma ISDN concentrations after the test sublingual dose were slightly higher after 48 hr of oral ISDN dosing (i.e., the tolerant state) than at the start of the study. This suggests that tolerance is unlikely to be caused by reduced bioavailability or accelerated elimination of ISDN. It is possible that tolerance is related to accumulation of ISDN metabolites. The attenuation of the circulatory response to ISDN may be related to the altered antianginal efficacy commonly seen during sustained therapy with ISDN.
- Copyright © 1983 by American Heart Association