Long-term exercise performance after percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty and coronary artery bypass grafting.
In our first 169 consecutive patients admitted to undergo percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) serial bicycle ergometric exercise sessions were scheduled to assess long-term-exercise performance. In 160 of these 169 patients (95%) an average of seven ergometric measurements were available during a mean follow-up period of 29 months (range 1 to 60 months). Two groups were formed. One consisted of 132 patients in whom PTCA was successful and the other consisted of 28 patients with failure of PTCA who subsequently underwent coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) either on an emergency basis (12 patients) or as an elective procedure (16 patients). Exercise performance was expressed as work capacity in watts according to the highest completed exercise stage. In the successful PTCA group the actual work capacities increased from 74 +/- 42 W (mean +/- SD) before PTCA to 122 +/- 47 W at the most recent follow-up examination. In patients who underwent emergency or elective CABG the respective figures were 73 +/- 34 or 65 +/- 37 W before surgery and 120 +/- 41 or 119 +/- 41 W at the most recent follow-up examination (p less than .005 for all preprocedure to postprocedure comparisons). Successful PTCA and CABG after failed PTCA improve work capacity significantly. Comparison of our results with those of surgical studies indicates that a failed attempt at PTCA before CABG does not compromise the functional outcome of the operation, regardless whether it is done on an emergency or on an elective basis.
- Copyright © 1983 by American Heart Association