Comparison of the antianginal effectiveness of nifedipine, verapamil, and isosorbide dinitrate in patients receiving propranolol: a double-blind study.
Ten men with stable angina not fully relieved by optimal doses of propranolol were given on each of four mornings a single dose of 10 mg nifedipine, 120 mg verapamil, isosorbide dinitrate (5 to 30 mg, previously titrated to lower systolic blood pressure by 15 to 20 mm Hg), or placebo, in double-blind fashion. Bicycle exercise to angina was performed hourly for 8 hr thereafter. All three vasodilators increased exercise time by at least 50% by the first hour (p less than .001), with a gradually diminishing effect persisting for 6 to 8 hr (p less than .01). Although for the group there were no differences in magnitude and duration of effect among the three drugs, in five of the individual patients there were important differences in response favoring one or another vasodilator. We conclude that nifedipine, verapamil, and isosorbide dinitrate are equally effective and reasonably long-acting antianginal supplements to propranolol, although some patients may benefit more from one than another of the three.
- Copyright © 1983 by American Heart Association