Computerized image analysis for quantitative measurement of vessel diameter from cineangiograms.
Subjective estimates of the angiographic severity of coronary artery stenoses show variability and inaccuracy. We therefore tested the accuracy of a newly developed computerized image analysis system for quantitating vessel diameter from cineangiograms. Fourteen cylindrical phantoms of known diameter were filled with contrast medium and filmed over a wide range of clinically relevant radiographic conditions in order to develop regression equations that related computer-derived to anatomic diameters. Computer measurements of vessel diameter were unaffected by vessel size, magnification, focal spot size, thickness of scattering medium, kilovolt peak, or location within the radiographic field, but a correction factor was necessary for a small but significant (p less than .01) linear dependence on contrast medium concentration. The accuracy of computerized vessel diameter measurements ranged between +/- 59 and +/- 137 mu for all conditions except for rapid vessel motion and contrast medium concentrations of 50% or less meglumine diatrizoate (Renografin 76), both of which resulted in reduced accuracy as well as in the inability to locate lumen edges of vessels less than 1 mm in diameter.
- Copyright © 1983 by American Heart Association