Factors determining the loss of ductus arteriosus responsiveness to prostaglandin E.
The ductus arteriosus of the newborn infant varies in its ability to dilate when doses of prostaglandin E (PGE) are administered. We infused PGE2 into 15 late-gestation newborn lambs to determine which factors regulate the ability of the ductus arteriosus to respond to PGE. PGE2 dilated the ductus in 10 lambs (responders); in five other lambs, despite similar PGE2 concentrations, there was no effect (nonresponders). The measured ductus resistance after the PGE2 infusion was directly related to the ductus resistance before the infusion. Responders had a larger left-to-right shunt through the ductus before the PGE infusion than nonresponders. Ductus that were isolated and studied in vitro from lambs that were nonresponsive to PGE2 (in vivo) were limited in their ability to relax with PGE2 as well as to actively contract with oxygen and indomethacin. This generalized loss of ductus responsiveness was directly related to the amount of the left-to-right shunt through the lumen of the ductus. These observations are consistent with the hypothesis that the constriction of the ductus arteriosus after birth limits the ability of the ductus to respond to PGE therapy.
- Copyright © 1983 by American Heart Association