Value of QRS alteration in determining the site of origin of narrow QRS supraventricular tachycardia.
To determine the value of alternation of QRS morphology in determining the site of origin of sustained narrow QRS supraventricular tachycardia (SVT), we retrospectively studied 163 distinct tachycardias in 161 patients (ages 4 to 91 years) in whom the site of origin of SVT was proven by intracardiac electrophysiologic study. Sustained SVT was defined as lasting longer than 30 sec. Narrow QRS was defined as QRS width less than 0.12 sec. Atrial fibrillation and flutter were excluded. The presence or absence of QRS alternation was judged at least 10 sec after initiation of SVT. Circus movement tachycardia with anterograde AV node conduction and a retrograde accessory AV pathway was seen in 89 patients (58 with Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome, 31 with concealed accessory pathway); intra-AV nodal reentrant tachycardia (AVNT) was present in 57 cases, and 17 tachycardias were atrial in origin. QRS alternation was present in 36 of 163 cases (22%). In only eight of these 36 did RR interval length alternation accompany alternation in QRS morphology. Thirty-three of 36 (92%) tachycardias with QRS alternation were circus movement tachycardias. Two were atrial in origin and one was AVNT. We conclude that the presence of QRS alternation during sustained narrow QRS SVT is highly indicative of a retrograde accessory AV pathway in the tachycardia circuit.
- Copyright © 1983 by American Heart Association