Detection of aortic porcine valve dysfunction by maximum entropy spectral analysis.
A high-resolution method of spectral analysis, of the class generally called "maximum entropy method," was used in a study of aortic porcine valve closing sounds in 37 patients (ages 19 to 76). Spectra from 27 normal xenografts, implanted from 2 weeks to 61 months previously, were characterized by a dominant frequency peak, F1, at 89 +/- 15 Hz (mean +/- SD), with a lower amplitude peak, F2, at 154 +/- 25 Hz. Eight of nine patients with aortic porcine valve dysfunction were proved surgically to have leaflet degeneration or infection and had either F1 (139 +/- 54 Hz) and/or F2 (195 +/- 74 Hz) significantly higher than normal (p less than .001). In two patients with paravalvar leak but no leaflet abnormality, F1 and F2 were in the normal range. Estimation of F1 and F2 was highly reproducible and was unaffected by duration of implant up to 5 years. Spectral analysis of aortic porcine valve closing sounds by the maximum entropy method may be useful for detection of intrinsic xenograft dysfunction.
- Copyright © 1983 by American Heart Association