Mitral valve prolapse in short-term experimental coronary occlusion: a possible mechanism of ischemic mitral regurgitation.
Experimental coronary occlusions were carried out in 12 closed-chest dogs to investigate the functional anatomic characteristics of the mitral valve complex during acute myocardial ischemia. Two-dimensional echocardiography was used to assess left ventricular function, the mitral valve complex, and left atrial size. Presence of mitral regurgitation was assessed by left ventricular contrast echocardiography. Thirty-seven coronary occlusions of up to 10 min in duration were carried out in proximal or distal locations in the left anterior descending and the left circumflex coronary arteries. Mitral regurgitation, which was mild in severity as judged by a small rise in pulmonary artery wedge pressures, was observed in 15 of 37 brief coronary occlusion experiments. Mitral valve prolapse was noted in all 15 experiments, as well as in four additional studies in which mitral regurgitation was not seen. The development of experimental mitral valve prolapse was explained by measurements that demonstrated a relative displacement of the papillary muscle tips toward the mitral orifice. We conclude that mitral valve prolapse is a common sequela of short-term coronary occlusion and is often associated with mild mitral regurgitation. Relative displacement of ischemic papillary muscles toward the mitral orifice appears to be a likely mechanism of acute ischemic mitral valve prolapse.
- Copyright © 1983 by American Heart Association