Sustained regional dysfunction produced by prolonged coronary stenosis: gradual recovery after reperfusion.
Prolonged nontransmural ischemia was produced and the early and late effects of reperfusion were studied in 10 conscious dogs instrumented over the long term. Five hours of partial circumflex coronary artery stenosis was produced with a hydraulic occluder, followed by gradual release over 20 min, with measurements of left ventricular pressure, regional myocardial function (systolic wall thickening by sonomicrometry), coronary blood flow velocity (pulsed Doppler), and myocardial blood flow (microspheres). During coronary stenosis the occluder was adjusted frequently to maintain a reduction of systolic wall thickening to 50% to 75% of control (average 62.6% of control). Myocardial blood flow in the ischemic area at 4 hr of partial coronary stenosis was reduced in the inner layers of the myocardium (subendocardium, from 0.81 +/- 0.18 at control to 0.36 +/- 0.08 SD, p less than .01; midwall, from 0.77 +/- 0.20 to 0.46 +/- 0.07 ml/min/g, p less than .01), accompanied by significant ST segment elevation on the subendocardial electrogram (0.83 +/- 0.96 to 4.58 +/- 4.10 mV; p less than .05) and decreased left ventricular dP/dt (3503 +/- 462 to 2991 +/- 339 mm Hg/sec; p less than .01). Within a few minutes after complete release of partial coronary stenosis, ST segments returned to control and myocardial blood flow of the inner layers was increased (subendocardium, 1.37 +/- 0.39, p less than .01; midwall, 0.97 +/- 0.28, p less than .05), but systolic wall thickening and left ventricular dP/dt were significantly depressed and remained reduced at 24, 48, and 72 hr when myocardial blood flow was normal. By seven days, systolic wall thickening and left ventricular dP/dt had returned to control (94.1 +/- 7.0% of control, 3353 +/- 605 mm Hg/sec, respectively; NS). Histologic changes caused by ischemia constituted only 2.7% (average) of the tissue between the crystals in the ischemic wall, but ischemic damage in the posterior papillary muscle, which did not contain crystals, was 31.9%. Thus, regional myocardial dysfunction reduced by nontransmural ischemia for 5 hr persisted for at least 3 days, with only slight damage to the left ventricular free wall but considerable infarction of the posterior papillary muscle. Full recovery of regional and global contractile function of the free wall then occurred within a period of 1 week.
- Copyright © 1983 by American Heart Association