Plasma norepinephrine concentration and plasma dopamine-beta-hydroxylase activity in patients with congestive heart failure.
The relationship between plasma norepinephrine (NE), epinephrine (E) and dopamine-beta-hydroxylase activity (DBH) was studied in 90 cardiac patients (New York Heart Association [NYHA] classes I-IV), 85 healthy control subjects and 18 competitive skiers. The cardiac patients in NYHA classes III and IV had significantly higher NE (p less than 0.001) and lower DBH (p less than 0.001) levels than the controls, whereas the skiers had significantly lower NE (p less than 0.001) and higher DBH (p less than 0.05) levels than the controls. Seven cardiac patients in whom successful cardiac surgery was performed had decreased NE (p less than 0.001) and increased DBH (p less than 0.02), as well as significantly improved NYHA cardiac status (p less than 0.001). These findings demonstrate an inverse relationship between NE and DBH in a population of athletes, normal subjects and cardiac patients; the same inverse relationship holds for these patients when sequential studies are done after a change in cardiac status.
- Copyright © 1983 by American Heart Association