Influence of age on wall thickness, cavity dimensions and myocardial contractility of the left ventricle in simple transposition of the great arteries.
This study was carried out to establish a reference table of echocardiographic values for the left ventricle of simple d-transposition of the great arteries (d-TGA) and to determine at what age left ventricular dimensions in these patients become different from those of a normal population. Fifty-three patients with d-TGA and normal pulmonary pressure and 395 normal children ages 1 day to 10 years were studied by M-mode echocardiography. Results show that in d-TGA, left ventricular systolic and diastolic internal diameters are normal at birth. After 1 month, however, both diameters were below normal and despite a progressive increase with age, the mean values were always below normal. The mean posterior wall thickness of patients with d-TGA was also normal at birth but did not increase with age (2.3 mm in diastole and 4.3 mm in systole) and became significantly thinner than normal at 10 months of age in diastole and 7 months in systole. Septal thickness of patients with d-TGA did not differ from that of the control group. The shortening fraction and mean velocity of circumferential fiber shortening were significantly greater in d-TGA at all ages. Left ventricular measurements related to age are presented and should be of help in interpreting M-mode echocardiograms of patients with d-TGA.
- Copyright © 1983 by American Heart Association