The time course and characterization of myocardial hemorrhage after coronary reperfusion in the anesthetized dog.
We quantitated hemorrhage associated with reperfusion after varying periods of myocardial ischemia and examined the flow characteristics that accompany reperfusion hemorrhage. Anesthetized dogs were reperfused after 2, 6 or 24 hours of circumflex occlusion. A control group underwent coronary occlusion without reperfusion. Radioactive microspheres were injected before and 5 minutes and 24 hours after reperfusion. The papillary muscles were analyzed for hemoglobin content, flow during myocardial ischemia and flow early and 24 hours after reperfusion. Myocardial creatine kinase activity was assayed to determine the severity of myocardial necrosis in the papillary muscles. Hemorrhage into the posterior papillary muscle was dependent upon the duration of coronary artery occlusion. Posterior papillary hemoglobin averaged 14 mg/g in the 2-hour group, 28 mg/g in the 6-hour group and 36 mg/g in the group reperfused 24 hours after occlusion, compared with 8.7 mg/g in the control group. Myocardial hemorrhage was associated with severe depression in myocardial CK and marked depression in flow to the ischemic area (i.e., collateral flow) during the occlusion. Early reflow averaged 112 ml/min/100 g in the 2-hour group, 61 ml/min/100 g in the 6-hour group and only 5.8 ml/min/100 g in the 24-hour group. Therefore, myocardial hemorrhage induced by reperfusion of the acutely ischemic myocardium is associated with severe ischemia during occlusion and severe myocardial necrosis, but does not depend upon the magnitude of early reflow. Myocardial hemorrhage may occur even though initial reflow values are markedly decreased.
- Copyright © 1983 by American Heart Association