Supravalvular aortic stenosis and coronary ostial stenosis in familial hypercholesterolemia: two-dimensional echocardiographic assessment.
The lesions of the aortic root, which are supravalvular aortic stenosis and coronary ostial stenosis, in familial hypercholesterolemia were studied using two-dimensional echocardiography. The subjects were 25 heterozygotes, six homozygotes and 30 control subjects. The internal diameters of the aortic ring, the sinus of Valsalva and the supravalvular aortic ring were measured. Measurement variation due to body size was avoided by normalizing the latter two values by the diameter of the aortic ring. Four heterozygotes and all homozygotes were judged to have stenosis of the supravalvular aortic ring; none of heterozygotes and four homozygotes had stenosis of the sinus of Valsalva. In three of the four patients with stenosis of both the supravalvular aortic ring and the sinus of Valsalva, a pressure gradient was demonstrated. The degree of supravalvular aortic stenosis correlated with the serum cholesterol level but not with patient age. All homozygotes, even very young ones, had a severe aortic root lesion. In the short-axis view of the aortic root, a lump (raised mass) on the aortic wall indicating atheromatous plaquing was demonstrated in five heterozygotes and all homozygotes. Coronary ostial stenosis was shown in three of the four patients whose plaquing echoes were adjacent to the coronary orifice. We conclude that two-dimensional echocardiography is useful in diagnosing lesions of the aortic root in patients with hypercholesterolemia.
- Copyright © 1983 by American Heart Association