A regurgitant jet and echocardiographic abnormalities in aortic regurgitation: an experimental study.
Acute aortic regurgitation was created experimentally in 21 mongrel dogs to examine the relationship of the regurgitant jet to observed echocardiographic findings. The direction of the regurgitant jet was studied by echo contrast injections in the aortic root. Diastolic fluttering of the anterior mitral leaflet (AML) was noted in all 21 dogs irrespective of direction of the jet. Diastolic fluttering of the interventricular septum (IVS) was noted in six of the seven dogs with a tear of the noncoronary cusp and in one of seven dogs with lesions in the left coronary cusp. In all seven dogs with echocardiographically demonstrated IVS fluttering, a regurgitant jet impinged on the anterior part of the IVS. Amplitude of the AML excursion was not significantly different from control when the lesions involved the noncoronary or the left coronary cusps. However, all seven dogs that had a lesion in the right coronary cusp demonstrated a significant reduction in the amplitude of the AML excursion. The regurgitant jet in these dogs impinged uniformly on the AML. We conclude that diastolic fluttering of the AML is uniformly observed and unrelated to the direction of the regurgitant jet, diastolic fluttering of the IVS is caused by the regurgitant jet impinging upon the IVS, and amplitude of the AML may be reduced as a result of a jet impingement of the AML.
- Copyright © 1983 by American Heart Association