Improved exercise capacity and differing arterial and venous tolerance during chronic isosorbide dinitrate therapy for congestive heart failure.
We studied 30 patients with moderate-to-severe congestive heart failure in a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial to determine the acute and long-term effects of isosorbide dinitrate on clinical status and on resting and exercise hemodynamics. Seventeen patients received placebo and 13 isosorbide dinitrate. First-dose isosorbide dinitrate (40 mg orally) decreased resting and exercise pulmonary capillary wedge pressure, pulmonic and systemic arterial pressures and pulmonic and systemic vascular resistances without augmenting exercise capacity. Compared with placebo, chronic therapy with isosorbide dinitrate (40 mg orally every 6 hours for 12 weeks) significantly improved clinical status and exercise capacity. Resting and exercise systemic blood pressure and systemic vascular resistance returned to baseline values during chronic isosorbide dinitrate therapy, but pulmonary capillary wedge pressure, pulmonary artery pressure and pulmonary vascular resistance remained improved. In patients with congestive heart failure, 12 weeks of oral isosorbide dinitrate therapy improves resting and exercise hemodynamics, exercise capacity, and clinical status; tolerance develops to the systemic arterial vascular effects without attenuation of the venous and pulmonary vascular effects.
- Copyright © 1983 by American Heart Association