Transient collateral augmentation during coronary arterial spasm associated with ST-segment depression.
To examine the possible existence of collateral circulation during coronary artery spasm, we attempted to visualize the transient appearance of collateral vessels that could serve to salvage otherwise jeopardized ischemic areas. In three patients with vasospastic angina, total spastic obstruction of a major coronary artery was associated with transient collateral augmentation, which was supplied by the nonspastic artery during anginal period associated with ST-segment depression. These collateral vessels disappeared when the angina and ST changes resolved after nitroglycerin administration. These findings suggest that the collateral blood supply could transiently occur through preexisting vessels to perfuse the ischemic area during coronary artery spasm and that such collateral flow could have a role in preventing transmural myocardial ischemia, resulting in a lesser degree of ischemia associated with ST-segment depression.
- Copyright © 1983 by American Heart Association