Antegrade slow bypass conduction after closed-chest ablation of the His bundle in permanent junctional reciprocating tachycardia.
A case of permanent junctional reciprocating tachycardia in a 36-year-old woman successfully treated with closed-chest interruption of the His bundle is reported. Tachycardia had lasted for 14 years and showed a retrograde P wave (P') and RP' longer than PR' interval. The tachycardia used an anomalous pathway with a long conduction time in the retrograde direction. The atrial end of the anomalous pathway was located near the coronary sinus orifice. His ablation was accomplished by delivering a direct-current shock from a cardioversion unit to the nodal-His zone by means of a conventional electrode catheter percutaneously introduced via the femoral vein. Two shocks were necessary to obtain the desired results. After the procedure, complete atrioventricular block below the His bundle was induced, while antegrade conduction was assured through the anomalous pathway that showed decremental properties. During 7 months of follow-up, stable sinus rhythm with a long PR interval has been observed; the patient has remained free from tachycardia. Furthermore, she is not pacemaker-dependent and requires no cardioactive medication. This case demonstrates the therapeutic value of closed-chest ablation of the His bundle in a patient with permanent junctional reciprocating tachycardia, as well as demonstrating for the first time that the underlying accessory pathway is capable, in some instances, of antegrade conduction.
- Copyright © 1983 by American Heart Association