Intravenous short-term infusion of streptokinase in acute myocardial infarction.
Short-term i.v. infusion of streptokinase was performed in 93 patients within 6 hours after the onset of acute myocardial infarction. Twenty-six patients underwent angiography in the acute phase (group A) and 52 underwent angiography in the fourth week only (group B); 15 patients had no angiography. Seven patients died during the hospital stay and six suffered nonfatal reinfarctions. There were no bleeding complications. In 11 of 21 group A patients, occluded coronary arteries were opened within 1 hour after the streptokinase infusion was started. In 84% of groups A and B, the infarct-related coronary artery was patent in the fourth week. In 75% of the patent arteries, the residual luminal diameter stenosis was less than 70%. According to serial serum CK-MB curves, recanalization was achieved mostly within 1-2 hours. Myocardial salvage was indicated by improvement in local contraction disorders in the recanalized group A patients and by the significant relationship between infarct size and time from symptom onset to treatment in group B. These data suggest that a high-dose, short-term, i.v. infusion of streptokinase is a safe and efficient method of restoring coronary blood flow. Expeditious initiation of i.v. streptokinase infusion is a critical determinant for early recanalization and salvage of myocardium. Patients with thrombotically subtotal occlusion probably receive the most benefit. Evaluation of the true impact on survival and myocardial function will require controlled clinical trials.
- Copyright © 1983 by American Heart Association