Total disconnection of the right ventricular free wall: surgical treatment of right ventricular tachycardia associated with right ventricular dysplasia.
Arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia is a myopathy that affects the right ventricular free wall (RVFW) and gives rise to recurrent reentrant ventricular tachycardia (VT). Because the entire right ventricle is potentially arrhythmogenic, ablating a single site of VT may not eliminate the arrhythmia. We developed an operation to confine any arrhythmic activity arising from the right ventricle to that chamber: total disconnection of the RVFW from the left ventricle. We performed RVFW disconnection in two patients with refractory VT associated with arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia. At least two sites or origin of morphologically distinct VT were identified in the RVFW in each patient. RVFW disconnection was carried out under normothermic cardiopulmonary bypass. An encircling incision was made along the attachment of the RVFW to the aortoventricular unit and the tricuspid annulus; the right coronary artery and its RVFW branches were left intact. Electrical activity of the two chambers became dissociated, and VT arising from the RVFW was confined to that chamber. Postoperatively, there was no clinical evidence of hemodynamic impairment (follow-up 4 months and 3 months). Left ventricular function was unchanged and right ventricular flow was maintained by atrial contraction and motion of the septum toward the RVFW during left ventricular systole. One patient had incessant right ventricular tachycardia confined to the RVFW for 3 weeks. We conclude that RVFW disconnection is feasible and applicable to patients with refractory VT originating in the diffusely diseased RVFW.
- Copyright © 1983 by American Heart Association