The use of Doppler flow velocity measurement to assess the hemodynamic response to vasodilators in patients with heart failure.
To determine if the hemodynamic response to vasodilator therapy can be assessed noninvasively by pulsed Doppler velocimetry, we compared the hemodynamic changes after treatment to changes in Doppler aortic blood flow measurements. The relationship between the absolute values and percent changes of invasively measured systemic vascular resistance (SVR) and stroke volume (SV) and Doppler-measured peak flow velocity (PFV), left ventricular ejection time (ET) and flow velocity integral (FVI) were evaluated. Measurements were made during 18 drug interventions in 13 patients treated with vasodilator agents for congestive heart failure (CHF). A poor correlation was found between the absolute values of either SVR or SV and the absolute values of each of the three Doppler aortic blood flow indexes studied. In contrast, a good correlation was found between percent changes in aortic PFV and in SVR (r = -0.89), and between percent changes in Doppler aortic FVI and in SV (r = 0.88). The correlation between percent changes in SVR and FVI revealed an r value of -0.65, while the correlation between percent changes in SVR and in ET showed an r value of -0.15. Percent changes in SV and either PFV or ET correlated with r values of 0.75 and 0.70, respectively. We conclude that Doppler aortic blood flow measurement can be used to assess quantitative changes in SVR and SV after vasodilator therapy. These findings suggest that it may be useful for evaluating vasodilator drug therapy in patients with CHF.
- Copyright © 1983 by American Heart Association