Regional blood flow during cardiopulmonary resuscitation in dogs using simultaneous and nonsimultaneous compression and ventilation.
We studied regional blood flow (QR) using radiolabeled microspheres and measured hemodynamic variables in 20 anesthetized dogs in normal sinus rhythm and during ventricular fibrillation treated with cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). Nonsimultaneous compression and ventilation CPR (NSCV-CPR) was performed in seven dogs with a pneumatic piston that gave 50 chest compressions/min with an open airway with 10 ventilations at an airway pressure of 33 mm Hg interposed between each fifth and sixth compression. Simultaneous compression and ventilation (SCV-CPR) was performed in seven dogs with the piston and in six other dogs with a circumferential pneumatic vest. Both devices gave 30 compressions/min simultaneously with 30 ventilations that elevated airway pressure to 80 mm Hg., The abdomen was bound during SCV-CPR. Regional blood flow (mean +/- SD) to the cerebral hemispheres, cardiac ventricles, and kidneys, expressed as ml/min/100 g tissue, was 3.1 +/- 4.0, 3.4 +/- 3.3 and 1.5 +/- 1.5, respectively, during NSCV-CPR; 11.5 +/- 5.9, 4.9 +/- 4.7 and 2.7 +/- 2.7 during SCV-CPR (vest); and 16.2 +/- 7.2, 11.0 +/- 4.0 and 20.1 +/- 20.2 during SCV-CPR (piston) (all p less than 0.05 compared with NSCV-CPR). These results indicate that QR to all organs studied is reduced below normal sinus rhythm levels during CPR for ventricular fibrillation, QR to the brain is proportionately greater than QR to the heart and kidneys, and QR to the brain is greater with both forms of SCV-CPR than with NSCV-CPR.
- Copyright © 1983 by American Heart Association