Sudden sinus slowing with junctional escape: a common mode of initiation of juvenile supraventricular tachycardia.
After noting bradycardia-induced supraventricular tachycardia (SVT) in two successive children with SVT, we analyzed Holter monitor recordings done on 66 children with suspected or proved SVT. Ten children had apparent reentry SVT. The most common mode of initiation (eight of 10 patients) was not premature atrial beats, but sudden sinus pause with a junctional escape beat (JEB), usually fused with the delayed sinus P wave, initiating the tachycardia. Electrophysiologic studies in five children who had this mode of initiation showed evidence of reentry in four, possibly by dual atrioventricular nodal (AVN) pathways. Since sudden sinus pause and JEB are relatively uncommon in adults, the disappearance of this phenomenon with age may be the most significant reason why children often have less tachyarrhythmia as they get older. Both propranolol and digoxin significantly increased the numbers of episodes of SVT in the three patients tested with serial Holter monitoring.
- Copyright © 1983 by American Heart Association