Captopril in primary pulmonary hypertension.
Seven women with primary pulmonary hypertension underwent hemodynamic evaluation, at rest and during exercise, before and after the oral administration of captopril. Dose-response curves were generated for the 25-, 50- and 100-mg doses. Captopril significantly reduced systemic blood pressure and systemic vascular resistance; these effects persisted at submaximal levels of exercise. Captopril did not alter pulmonary artery pressure or resistance, cardiac output or stroke volume at rest or during exercise. Exercise tolerance did not improve. Four of the patients also received captopril chronically for 12 weeks at doses of 75 and 100 mg every 8 hours. Resting and exercise hemodynamic evaluation was repeated at the end of the 12-week period. Except for a persistent reduction in mean systemic blood pressure at rest, chronic captopril administration did not elicit hemodynamic changes. Measured exercise duration did not change during continuous captopril treatment, although one patient reported mild subjective improvement in activity tolerance. In primary pulmonary hypertension, captopril exerts its major effect on systemic vasculature, with little or no effect on the pulmonary circuit. While an occasional patient may experience some clinical improvement with captopril therapy, the majority of adult patients with severe primary pulmonary hypertension will not benefit from its chronic administration.
- Copyright © 1983 by American Heart Association