Renin-angiotensin system inhibition in acute myocardial infarction in dogs. Effects on systemic hemodynamics, myocardial blood flow, segmental myocardial function and infarct size.
Acute left anterior descending coronary artery occlusion was produced in 21 conscious, chronically instrumented dogs. Forty minutes after coronary occlusion, nine dogs were given i.v. teprotide, 25 micrograms/kg/min, followed by oral doses of captopril, 10 mg/kg every 8 hours for 24 hours. The remaining 12 dogs served as saline-infused controls. In all dogs, acute coronary occlusion increased plasma renin activity and peripheral vascular resistance and reduced cardiac output, but did not change mean aortic blood pressure significantly. Teprotide significantly (p less than 0.05) decreased peripheral vascular resistance (from 3804 +/- 1158 to 2876 +/- 816 dy-sec-cm-5) (+/- SD) and mean aortic pressure (from 117 +/- 12 to 107 +/- 15 mm Hg), and increased cardiac output (from 2.63 +/- 0.67 to 3.12 +/- 0.74 l/min). Teprotide also produced a relative increase in flow to the renal and splanchnic circulations compared with the saline-treated controls. There were, however, no differences in segmental systolic shortening, blood flow in the normal or ischemic myocardium, or infarct size. These results indicate that the renin-angiotensin system may play an important role in dogs with acute coronary occlusion and that blockade of this system lowers systemic blood pressure and improves cardiac output. However, direct effects of renin-angiotensin system blockade on the myocardium are lacking; there were no changes in myocardial blood flow, myocardial mechanics or infarct size.
- Copyright © 1982 by American Heart Association