Effects of acebutolol on myocardial infarct extension: a randomized electrocardiographic, enzymatic and angiographic study.
The effect of acebutolol (1 mg/kg i.v. during the first 2 days followed by a daily oral dose of 600 mg for 3 weeks) was studied in a randomized trial involving 26 patients seen within 24 hours after the onset of uncomplicated anterior transmural myocardial infarction (TMI). Myocardial ischemia and necrosis were evaluated by precordial maps recorded daily for 9 days. Left ventricular pump function and dyssynergy were quantitatively measured on 30 degrees right anterior oblique cineangiograms. Angiography was performed, using the postextrasystolic potentiation technique, within the first 24 hours after TMI and was repeated 1 month later. The basal and postextrasystolic beats from the initial angiography were computerized and compared with those from the final angiogram. MB-CK serum level was measured from blood samples drawn every 3 hours for the first 72 hours. Fourteen patients selected at random received acebutolol within the first 24 hours; 12 subjects were untreated and served as controls. During the 1-month study, no other drugs were administered. Treated patients showed a significant reduction in capillary wedge pressure, extent of hypokinesis and ST-segment elevation; no significant differences were observed in the control group. However, the predictability based on the angiographic data was the same in both groups, and beta blockade did not alter this predictability significantly. Furthermore, no significant difference was found during the final evaluation for treated compared with control patients for any single variable or set of variables. The incidence of infarct extension was not decreased, but only significantly delayed in treated patients. The high variability of the measurements, probably related to the high variability of the pathophysiologic factors, may account for the failure to demonstrate the efficacy of acebutolol.
- Copyright © 1982 by American Heart Association