Evaluation of tricuspid regurgitation by pulsed Doppler and two-dimensional echocardiography.
We analyzed tricuspid regurgitation noninvasively using ultrasonic pulsed Doppler and two-dimensional echocardiography in 66 patients in whom tricuspid regurgitation was suspected from routine clinical evaluation. All of the patients also underwent right ventriculography. Ten healthy subjects served as controls. In 62 of 66 patients, the study was adequately performed. In 58 of 62 patients, pansystolic abnormal Doppler signals were detected in the right atrial cavity, and were interpreted to indicate tricuspid regurgitant flow. Two-dimensional echocardiograms in the parasternal four-chamber view demonstrated that the region in which the abnormal Doppler signals were detected was spindle-shaped and extended from the tricuspid orifice toward the right atrial posterior wall parallel to the interatrial septum. The severity of regurgitation was graded on a four-point scale, based on the distance reached by the abnormal signals from the tricuspid orifice toward the posterior wall. For comparison, the right ventriculograms were evaluated on a four-point scale similar to the Sellers classification of mitral regurgitation. The grades by the two methods matched exactly in 36 cases, differed by one level in 23 and by two levels in three. Thus, the two methods showed a good correspondence. Similar results were obtained for the grading based on the area covered by the abnormal signals. We conclude that noninvasive grading of tricuspid regurgitation by ultrasonic pulsed Doppler and two-dimensional echocardiography is practicable.
- Copyright © 1982 by American Heart Association