Pharmacologic modification of myocardial ischemia.
The value of three agents in reducing the area of myocardial ischemia in rabbit hearts perfused with crystalloid solution was examined. Ten hearts received crystalloid solution with methylprednisolone (M), 0.25 mg/ml; 18 with hyaluronidase (H), 4 U/ml; and 10 with propranolol (P), 1 microgram/ml. Thirty-six hearts served as controls. The mitral valves were excised, the hearts were paced at 240 beats/min and a coronary artery was ligated. The ischemic area was evaluated by nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide autofluorescence photography, an intrinsic, high-resolution display of anoxic tissue. The ischemic area was determined by computer from standardized photographs. Myocardial oxygen consumption (MVO2) was determined and photographs were taken before and at 10-minute intervals after ligation. At 60 minutes, each heart was perfused with rhodamine dye and quick-frozen. In hearts treated with M and H, coronary blood flow increased by 151% (51.7 +/- 3 to 77.9 +/- 3 ml/min) and 150% (48.3 +/- 2 to 72.3 +/- 2 ml/min), respectively (p less than 0.001), whereas in hearts treated with U and P, coronary flow decreased at 60 minutes. In the control hearts, the ischemic area did not change between 5 and 40 minutes of ischemia. The ischemic area of H-treated hearts decreased from 136 +/- 4 mm2 to 110 +/- 9 mm2 between the postligation control and the end of the experiment (p less than 0.01). The ischemic area of M-treated hearts decreased from 131 +/- 5 mm2 to 113 +/- 5 mm2 (p less than 0.05). P produced no change in ischemic area (p greater than 0.4). There was no change in the oxygen-diffusion zone of P-treated or control hearts (439 +/- 13 vs 383 +/- 12 mu, p greater than 0.1). The oxygen-diffusion zone between perfused and anoxic tissue in the M and H hearts increased from 383 +/- 12 mu to 861 +/- 76 mu and 681 +/- 62 mu, respectively (p less than 0.001). We conclude that significant volumes of myocardium remain normoxic within nonperfused areas of M-, P- and H-treated hearts.
- Copyright © 1982 by American Heart Association