Prevention of lipid accumulation in experimental vein bypass grafts by antiplatelet therapy.
The ameliorative effect of antiplatelet therapy on atherogenesis of vein grafts was assessed in autologous cephalic veins grafted into femoral arteries of 16 normolipemic and 11 hyperlipemic stump-tailed macaque monkeys. Before grafting, one half of each vein was distended at high pressure (700 mm Hg) and the other half at low pressure (350 mm Hg). Eight normolipemic monkeys were treated with aspirin, 80 mg/day, and dipyridamole, 50 mg/day, and eight were controls. When grafts were harvested at 12 weeks, tissue cholesterol and beta-apoprotein content in grafts from untreated monkeys were significantly higher than in ungrafted, uninjured veins. Antiplatelet therapy eliminated the increase in lipid content of vein segments distended at low pressure, and significantly lowered lipid content of segments distended at high pressure, though not to be control levels of ungrafted veins. Seven of the 11 hyperlipemic monkeys received antiplatelet drugs and four did not. The lipid content of all graft segments was significantly higher than in grafted or ungrafted veins from normolipemic monkeys. Antiplatelet therapy again significantly reduced the lipid content in vein segments distended at both levels of pressure, and also reduced the elevated cholesterol content in ungrafted veins. Although this animal preparation differs in many ways from human coronary bypass operations, these observations may be pertinent to the prevention of atherosclerosis in human vein bypass grafts.
- Copyright © 1982 by American Heart Association